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Monday, April 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of supply of dogs and cats used in laboratories for teaching and research found in the catalog.

supply of dogs and cats used in laboratories for teaching and research

California. Legislature. Senate. Fact Finding Committee on Public Health and Safety.

supply of dogs and cats used in laboratories for teaching and research


by California. Legislature. Senate. Fact Finding Committee on Public Health and Safety.

  • 374 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Senate of the State of California in [Sacramento] .
Written in English

  • California.
    • Subjects:
    • Laboratory animals -- California.,
    • Dogs as laboratory animals.,
    • Cats as laboratory animals.

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: p. 47-48.

      LC ClassificationsSF77 .C3
      The Physical Object
      Pagination51 p.
      Number of Pages51
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL5636052M
      LC Control Number68063491

      OTA Project Staff Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education Roger C. Herdman,Assistant Director, OTA Health and Life Sciences Division Gretchen S. Kolsrud,Biological Applications Program Manager Gary B. Ellis, Project Directorand Analyst Judy K. Kosovich, Principal Analyst Lisa J. Raines, Legal Analyst Timothy J. Hart, ProjectDirector l. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their natural environments or ption: Around 50– million vertebrate .   The following is an article from The Annals of Improbable Research, now in all-pdf a subscription now for only $25 a year!. Cat- and dog-centric research compiled by Leslie Muchmore, Improbable Research staff (Image credit: Claudio Matsuoka) Cats and a String. SCIENCE EDUCATION > Basic Biology Lab Animal Research. This collection is a comprehensive video guide for appropriate lab animal care and use. Since a majority of biomedical research is focused on studies involving rodents, it is critical that every scientist learns the essential procedures demonstrated in these videos.

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supply of dogs and cats used in laboratories for teaching and research by California. Legislature. Senate. Fact Finding Committee on Public Health and Safety. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Supply of dogs and cats used in laboratories for teaching and research. [Sacramento] Senate of the State of California, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: California.

Legislature. Senate. Fact Finding Committee on Public Health and Safety. OCLC Number: Description: 51 pages 23 cm. More t cats are abused in U.S. laboratories every year—in addition to the tens of thousands who are killed and sold to schools for cruel and crude classroom cats are just as deserving of fulfilling lives and loving homes as.

Dogs and cats occupy a particularly important place in American society in their roles as companion, work, and hobby animals.

In addition, they serve as important animal models for research that has advanced both human and animal health. This multifaceted relationship with humans has fostered an uneasy tension between general society and the scientific.

how dogs and cats benefit from animal research Follow the hyperlinks to see blog posts with more information about how each treatment was developed with animal research, and how each has been used to save and improve the lives of both people and their companion animals.

InUniversity of Minnesota used live dogs and live cats who were obtained from animals shelters, students, or clients and returned. Similarly, inthe University used dogs and cats, and init used dogs and cats.

Exposing the supply and use of dogs and cats in higher education records which provided a wealth of information crucial in the findings of this report, and to a local veterinarian whose timely arrival as our resident consultant was an invaluable aid to our understanding of clinical veterinary education protocols.

It is unconscionable that dogs, the most popular companion animals in the country, are used as research subjects in laboratories, but that is the tragic truth.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports show that tens of thousands of dogs are used in research, testing, teaching, or experimentation in the U.S. every year by research. In% of Animal Welfare Act-covered species used in research, testing and teaching in the U.S.

were cats. Cats have been used extensively as research subjects in neurological studies, in studies of vision and hearing, and to study immunodeficiency diseases. They have been used both as models for human diseases and for studies specific.

Approximately 10 million animals are used for crude classroom dissection exercises annually in the U.S. PETA’s investigations into biological supply companies, which sell animal bodies and parts, have uncovered acts of cruelty to animals, including the drowning of rabbits and the embalming of cats while they were still alive.

Although Americans consider dogs and cats as household pets, many are harmed and killed for teaching and training purposes despite the availability of effective alternatives.

Based on a review of 92 U.S. public universities’ records, 52% are using live or dead dogs in harmful teaching exercises in undergraduate life science, veterinary, and. THE “3RS” PRINCIPLE. The universal principle that guides biomedical research on animals is the “3Rs” doctrine of Russell and Burch (; see also NRC ) that promotes reduction, refinement, and replacement of research animals whenever scientifically feasible.

As discussed in Chapter 2, the number of dogs and cats used in research has been dwindling for the past 20. Cat. Cats were crucial for understanding the nervous system As reliable anaesthetic methods and delicate instruments to examine the nervous system have been developed, cats have been used to study a variety of neurological problems, such as epilepsy, deafness, and vision problems, making great contributions to our understanding of the nervous system.

According to the National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) website: "Cats are common experimental subjects in neurological studies, like studies of spinal cord injuries, and in studies of hearing and vision disorders. They are used in research for type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hematological disorders, and immunological studies.

As cats can contract feline. According to the National Research Council Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats in Research (National Research Council, ), peak use of cats occurred in Since that time, the number of cats used in research has fallen by 71%, with more than 98% of those cats being purpose bred for research.

Alternatives to Animal Use in Research,Testing, and Education Arthur L. Caplan, Panel Chair The Hastings Center Hastings-on-Hudson, NY Perrie M. Adams The University of Dallas TX Melvin W. Balk Texas Health Science Center Charles River Breeding Laboratories, Inc.

Wilmington, MA Earle W. Brauer Revlon Research Center, Inc. Edison, NJ David J. The video Drug Testing: Research with Dogs provided by Understanding Animal Research describes the use of dogs in a research facility, and the video Dogs in Medical Research demonstrates how dogs are often housed in research facilities.

Dogs in biomedical research help improve the lives and health of people. Under the Animal Research Actspecial conditions relate to the supply of dogs and cats for use in research.(See Schedule 1 Part 3 and 4 of the Animal Research Regulation ).These conditions apply unless the dogs and cats fit into one of the categories of exemption from the supply provisions as listed in Schedule 3 of the Regulation.

L iberty uses hundreds of dogs and cats each year in cruel tests—many of them for veterinary drugs—that it carries out for pharmaceutical giants such as Bayer, Novartis, and Merck.

Liberty also breeds and sells thousands of dogs and cats to be used in experiments by companies such as Merial, government agencies such as the Department of Veterans Affairs and the USDA.

Model Laws. Adoption of Cats and Dogs Used in Research and Education. Sec. Purpose. To ensure that healthy cats and dogs no longer used for research, testing or education purposes be made available for adoption instead of being euthanized, and to put in place the process for adoption through agreements with local shelters or rescue groups.

Dogs References and resources for this tutorial. Robert C. Dysko, et. al., "The Biology and Diseases of Dogs," Chapter 11 in Laboratory Animal Medicine, 2 nd Edition, James G. Fox, et. al., editors (New York: Academic Press, ). Laboratory Animal Management: Dogs (online book from National Academy Press, ).

Chapter 28 in The UFAW Handbook on the Care and. From the Leash to the Laboratory. where dogs are used in cardiovascular, bone, orthopedic, urological, burn, and dental research, in ballistics tests, in radiation and drug studies, and for Author: Judith Reitman. Dying to Learn Exposing the supply and use of dogs and cats in higher education [Animalearn] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Animalearn.

Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random-Source Dogs and Cats in Research examines the value of random-source animals in biomedical research and the role of Class B dealers who acquire and resell live dogs and cats to research institutions.

Findings include that, while some random-source dogs and cats may be necessary and desirable for. The Laboratory Animal Science Buyers Guide is the database dedicated to laboratory animal researchers, helping them find the products & services they Hill Genetics - Premiere source of Domestic Swine and Mongrel Hounds,Ridglan Farms Inc,Aniclin Preclinical Services,DaVinci Biomedical Research Products Inc.,Envigo,Jorgensen Laboratories,Marshall.

Comment: This is an ex-library book and may have the usual library/used-book markings book has soft covers. In good all round condition. Please note the Image in this listing is a stock photo and may not match the covers of the actual itemAuthor: David Boud.

All laboratory cats and dogs that can move normally would benefit from the specific interventions discussed above, as did the equally social primate groups.

Zoo Animals. The current mandate for zoo animals actually addresses many of the concerns discussed herein for laboratory dogs and cats (Mallonée and Joslin ). Enrichment in zoos Cited by: There are preferences for certain breeds, as some are easier to use due to their ease of handling, and general behaviour.

Beagles are one of the breeds often used and are considered good models for human diseases including the study of heart disease and testing new medicines.

In only % of all animals used in procedures were dogs or cats. Pound Seizure. Pound seizure is the practice of "seizing" dogs and cats from shelters and pounds to supply to the biomedical research industry.

Some pounds and shelters must sell (or choose to sell) to Class B dealers or to research facilities. When dogs and cats are obtained for research, their fate is terminal.

The small animal research laboratories are on the rise across our country, with each state having its own rules and regulations for the protection of their own dogs, cats and other animals. Whether the laws are practiced or not depends on the organization and the follow-up by the state. For example, at the University of California at Irvine, the Office of Research has key principles.

According to the USDA, the use of dogs and cats in research has declined significantly over the last 30 years. However, data in Tables and indicate an increase in the use of all dogs and cats in research between and The reasons for this recent increase after more than two decades of decline are not understood.

uSE OF RANDOM SOuRCE DOgS AND CATS IN RESEARCH Members Stephen W. Barthold (Chair), University of California, Center for Comparative Medicine Donald C. Bolser, University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine Kelly D.

garcia, University of Illinois at Chicago Joseph R. Haywood, Michigan State University Stuart E. Leland, Wyeth Research. Dogs were essential in developing 22 of the 25 most prescribed drugs in the U.S.

in 2 The federal Animal Welfare Act regulates the care and use of dogs in research. All institutions where dogs are studied are subject to unannounced USDA inspections. Only dogs specifically bred for research are allowed in NIH -funded studies. The Laboratory Animal Science Buyers Guide is the database dedicated to laboratory animal researchers, helping them find the products & services they ,Jorgensen Laboratories,Marshall BioResources,Newco Distributors, Inc.,AllCells,Biocor Animal Health,Cedar River Laboratories,East Coast Cattery.

With an estimated million animals used in laboratories annually in the United States, public interest in animal welfare has sparked an often emotional debate over such uses of animals. Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with.

If you got true lab animal dogs and cats, these animals were costing $ to $ a piece. So the dollars were of some concern. Banks: One administrator at my institution commenting on the animal use laboratories said it would be cheaper for him to rent the Motel 6 to pay for animal housing at the university.

A tongue-in-cheek comment, but. Pound seizure is the sale or release of dogs and cats from pounds or shelters to a research, testing, or educational laboratories.

The Ontario Animals For Research Act makes this practice the law. Ontario is now the only province, in all of Canada, where pound seizure is. Although the number of random source dogs and cats used in research is small and declining, they represent an important but relatively small asset to biomedical research.

(in to approximately 4 percent of dogs and 1 percent of cats used in research were acquired from Class B dealers with a smaller percentage of those being random. laboratories. In fact, scientists neither need nor want to do research on pets. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), one of several government agencies overseeing the use of animals in medical research, 59, dogs cats were needed for biomedical research in Synopsis: Dogs and cats should NEVER be used for lab experiments to the exception of advancing veterinarian medicine (for their own kind): Dog and cat genetic makeup is too far removed from human physiology to be considered not even remotely safe as test subjects, and angers most people that such companion animals are used often with cruelty.

Cats and Dogs Research Review Research in, on, or about cats and dogs by Nan Swift, Improbable Research staff Verdict on Cats vs. Dogs “Interrelationships of Dogs (Canis familiaris) and Cats (Felis catus L.) Living Under the Same Roof,” Neta-li Feuerstein and Joseph Terkel, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume.

Dogs in Medical Research A video clip from Understanding Animal Research, a UK organisation which tries to tackle some of the misunderstandings about animal research. This kind of open advocacy which allows people to see the conditions of animals in labs is an important step in winning and keeping public support for lifesaving medical research.

DOGS were used in 4, laboratory experiments last year, according to Home Office figures condemned by animal welfare campaigners.

Express. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express.Laboratory Animal Medicine, Third Edition, is a fully revised publication from the American College of Laboratory Medicine’s acclaimed blue book series.

It presents an up-to-date volume that offers the most thorough coverage of the biology, health, and care of laboratory animals.